The term "Photonics"
comes from "photon", the basic quantum unit of light.
Photonics is the science
and technology of the study and the application of light,
incorporating optics, laser technology, electrical engineering,
materials science, and information storage and processing.
Over the past decades following the
invention of the laser a photonics
revolution has been quietly taking place. Technology based on
light can be found in nearly every aspect of people's life, from
entertainment to healthcare. The
optoelectronics industry has brought about such products as
compact disc players, laser printers, bar code scanners and
laser pointers. The fiber optic technology has
literally revolutionized the telecommunication industry by
providing higher performance, more reliable telecommunication
links with ever decreasing bandwidth cost.
"Photonics is emerging
as one of the most important technologies of the future. Using
light to store, transfer and sense data of all types, photonics
- the practical application of light - is the next step in the
technological revolution. Photonics has already begun to
transform the world in which we live. And it is our creativity
and ingenuity that will realize this potential."